Social Entrepreneurs: How do they operate? And what does drive them to operate? A Multi Method Study from Pakistan

Haroon Bakari
MBBS Campus Dadu, University of Sindh, Pakistan

Khalil Ahmed Bhatti
Sindh University Laar Campus, Badin

Muhammad Tufail Chandio
Sindh University Laar Campus, Badin,

Muhamad Nawaz Shahani
Sindh University Laar Campus, Badin

Abstract
Entrepreneurship is a main contributor in economy for creation of new jobs, ventures,
and innovations. Social Entrepreneurship, on the other side, is an innovation, which
addresses social problems and sufferings of people. This paper aims to understand
concept of Social Entrepreneurship and investigates motivations behind social
entrepreneurial intentions of social entrepreneurs. This paper contains two studies. First
study explores how a physically challenged poor girl takes initiative and establishes a
school to teach more than 200 children of poor peasants, how a group of likeminded
convened through social network to address the sufferings of flood and famine affected
people of Sindh, Pakistan and how organizations managed to cure the patients of leprosy,
tuberculosis, and blindness. In the second study, an empirical investigation of
determinants of social entrepreneurial intention is done by analyzing responses from 100
practical social entrepreneurs working in collaboration with a nationally representative
NGO. Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) results of second study reveal that
entrepreneurial attitude and social entrepreneurial self-efficacy have positive and
significant relationship with social entrepreneurial intention.


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