Impact of Climate Change on Major Crops of Pakistan

Habibullah Magsi
Associate Professor of Agri Economics, Sindh Agriculture University Tandojam, Pakistan

Muhammad Khalid Rashid
Associte Professor of Economics, Government College of Science, Lahore, Pakistan

Ghulam Mujtaba Khushk
Associate Professor of Rural Sociology, Sindh Agriculture University Tandojam, Pakistan

Mohsin Ali Khatyan
Research Assistant, Agri Economics, Sindh Agriculture University Tandojam, Pakistan

Muhammad Naimatullah Babar
Professor of Agri Economics, Gomal University, D. I. Khan, Pakistan

The study is attempts to examine the impacts of weather changes on production of
major crops like cotton, maize, rice, sugarcane and wheat of Pakistan. For this study,
secondary data on cop production, precipitation and temprature were collected from
various sources during 2005-2014, due to its availability. Results revealed that
increase in one degree celcius temperature, can bring change of 149.47 thousand tons
in rice production, 3493.39 thousand tons in sugarcane production, which may
declined 378.76 thousand tons in wheat production, 381.157 thousand tons in maize
production and 55.27 thousand tons in cotton production. On the otherhand, one
additional milmimeter rainfall can bring significan changes in all the cash crop

productivity. While checking the reliability of the variables. It was found that R-
square for rice, sugarcane, wheat, maize and cotton was about 0.6786, 0.6463,

0.6339, 0.6576 and 0.7143 respectively, which is considered as good fit to the model.
This research suggests that technical information regarding the climate change
should be disseminated to the farmers by Agriculture Extension and Research
departments, sicne it has also impacts on the cropping calender in the country.

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