Effectiveness of Public and Private Extension Advisory Services Regarding the Human Resource Practices: A Case Study of Balochistan, Pakistan.

Ahmed Ali Mengal PhD. (Corresponding Author)
Agribusiness Directorate: Agriculture Research Institute (ARI) Sariab Quetta

Habibullah Magsi PhD.
Agricultural Economics, Sindh Agriculture University Tandojam

Fateh Muhammad Baloch
Livestock Research Institute (PARC) Turbat Balochistan

M. Naimatullah Babar
Agricultural Economics, Gomal University D.I. Khan, Pakistan

Present research set out the public and private agricultural extension services with the
term of human resources practices. Five districts, one from each ecological zone, were
taken purposively: namely Kech, Lasbela, Kalat, Killa Saifullah and Sibi. A sample of
(250) farmers and (100) public and private Extension Field Staff (EFS) was taken as
sample size by using the multi-stage random sampling technique. Null hypothesis was
also tested in order to know the variances in the perceptions of the respondents. The
results revealed that majority (88.5 percent) of the farmers did not receive any farm visits
from public EFS. Majority (87.7 percent) of the farmers receive regular visit by private
EFS. Farmer’s ranked field day and seminar 1st and 2nd respectively. Overwhelming
majority of the farmers received result demonstration methods (68. 92 percent) by private
EFS, which were ranked first. While private EFS provided the HRD practices (70.6
percent). Private extension services have extra strength against to public extension, while
public extension services have more flaws as weaknesses and are facing problems in
technology transfer process. The study recommended that public EEFS should visit the
farmer’s farm and home regularly. Result demonstration and campaign should be
organized at union council level as these methods were perceived effective. Private
extension services should use holistic tactic plus contact those farmers who have small
land holding size.

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