Authors: Abdul Jabbar Tumrani Department of Pakistan Studies, Shah Abdul Latif University Khairpur Dr. Imdad Hussain Sahito Dean Faculty of Social Sciences, Shah Abdul Latif University Khairpur Bashir Ahmed Janwari Lecturer in Pak-Studies, Govt: Sachal Sarmast Degree College Ranipur, Government of Sindh
Abstract: This research tried to prove, with references that, Khairpur State was regarded to be affluent state in undivided India. Income of state was produced from mineral resources, fruits, vegetables, and industries etc. Talpurs crushed Kalhora regime in the bloody battle of Halaani held in 1196 Hijri corresponding to 1782 (near Kandiaro), after decline of Kalhora, Talpurs came into power. Mir Sohrab Khan Talpur was establisher of Khairpur State. Khairpur state’s people were very hospitable and their culture was very pretty and fertile land. State had owned benevolent foreign policy so they maintained amicable and cordial relations with other states and countries. Before the Mir Ali Nawaz Khan era (1921-35) the economical circumstances of state were preferable, in the beginning years of Mir Ali Nawaz Khan state economy was sound, later on became feeble. Mir Ali Nawaz Khan (ruler) began to love with a singer of Hera Mandi (Lahore) her name was Iqbal Begum Alias Bali with heart and soul but Bali’s eyes were filled with greed. Mir Ali Nawaz Khan married with Bali in 1924. One accomplishment is limpid that, Khairpur state was so affected by the relationship of Bali and Naz. This research paper represents the historic and critical background of Khairpur state especially Mir Ali Nawaz Khan era.